Disasters at a glance
Bihar state has been recognised under the category of Multi Disaster Prone territory in the country and host to several natural disasters like floods, earthquake, draught and fire etc
(i) Floods : It is annual feature and as certain as sunrise. Out of 38 administrative districts specifically 23 districts and all district of north Bihar face floods every year. Year 2008 has not simply surpassed the precious Flood records rather "Hwangho of China" and Tsunami as a whole. Koshi River changing its course targeted five districts together i.e. Araria, Supoul, Madhepura, Saharasa and Purnea has disfigured the geographical shape variously and ravages compelled to recognise as National Calamity. Bihar is leaving no stone returned in bringing back to its original shope.
(ii) Earthquake : The entire state of Bihar is volcanic and sitting tight over
seismic zone. Out of several earthquakes 1934 and 1988 are historic
and memorable for heavy loss to lives, property both human and
(iv) Fire : Besides above natural disasters a common man made disaster
particularly during summer season on wide scale in rural areas engulfing thatched houses
susceptible to fire devastating the poorest in the slums of cities
and conglomerations in the villages in common. Its spreading speed
defies measures to control it. Bihar of today cannot be negated free from accidents
by air, rail road along with riots, caste war, terrorist movement and
attacks in several areas becoming rampant attracting intervention of
humanitarian organisation like Red Cross of
(i) Orissa Cyclone 1999 – Bihar State Branch for the first time introduced "Family Pack" system containing 24 items and sent 750 such packs and distributed among devastated Orrisa due to super cyclone as well as donations in cash, 200 blankets and 4000 assorted clothes were in addition. Now this family pack system has been accepted by federation at International platform.
(ii) Kargil War 1999 :On demand State Branch arranged huge quantities of assorted warm clothing and sent 504 cartoons and 500 Tiffin Boxes
(iii) Air Crash – on 17th July 2000 : an Indian Airlines Boeing Crash occured claiming 51 human lives State Branch not only carried the injured persons rather arranged funerals of dead bodies.
(iv) Gujrat Earthquake – 26th January 2001 : Earthquake of Gujrat rendered millions in distress State Branch sent one rack of41 goods wagon flagged off by the then H.E. Shri Vinod Chadre Pandey. State Branch was awarded President's Medal through NHQ, Delhi.
(v) Tsunami 2004 – 26th December 2004 : Tsunami hit Asian Continents. Besides Family Packs to Andhra Pradesh and Kerala State Branch helped in construction of 25 houses in one coastal village Shree Kuraman in SrikaKulam district of Andhra Pradesh.
(vi) Earth Quake in Jammu & Kashmi 2005 : State Branch dispatched 1000 Family Packs worth 10 lacks and woolen garments worth 11 lacs to Jammu & Kashmir.
In continuity of our benevolent services this Kosi Colanity became a challenge to face through three globally recognized phases of i.e. Pre - During and Post disaster period relating to prevention, mitigation risk reduction to lessen the effect of disasters, State Branch did the following :
Integrated training of volunteers under Disater Management at
Block and Panchayat
..Formed S.D.R.T. (State Disater Response Team)
..Permanent raised platform in Village Barri Kothi, Koshi of
Muzaffarpur district to
..120 Hand Tube wells were sunk.
..15 vulnerable communities were adopted for development into a model
..Flood & Earthquake awareness programme in 20 earthquake prone districts.
When Kosi Calamity thundered on 18th August 2008 recognized as National Calamity both State Govt. as well as I.R.C.S Bihar State Branch for the first time joined hands together and a decision was taken to receive cash donation in Chief Minister's Relief Fund, Govt. of Bihar and kind in and through I.R.C.S, Bihar State Branch.
warehouse/godown became operative in (1) Shastri
Nagar and (2) Bazar Samiti, 'B' Block, Rajendra Nagar both
R. Prasad, IAS and Shri Kuldip Prasad Sinha, Sectional Officer(Poly
It became during disaster operational stage with
first reach, Rescue, First Aid, providing survival food, water and
medicines. Work started on war footing round the clock. Disaster
Management control room was created in Red Cross building headed by
Col V K Singh and two paid disaster Management coordinators Miss Vandana and Md. Ashgar Ali with some volunteers.
A team of following four delegates opted visit
four districts to procure F.N.S. (Family News Service) work under State
tracing cell operative with Chairman Dr. K.N. Shreevastav since
1. Mr. Dussan Viyasanin, IC.R.S.,
1. Mr. Sajit Manan, American Red Cross
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